Nine out of 10 adults in America are at risk for type 2 diabetes and don’t even realize it. While having a family member with type 2 diabetes increases your risk of developing this disease, many other risk factors can also increase your chances.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, in which case the body does not process insulin properly. Type 2 can be treated with lifestyle changes, medications, and insulin -- and the sooner it can be diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.
The symptoms for type 2 diabetes develop slowly many people live with the disease for years before receiving a diagnosis. See a doctor if you notice any of these type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Increased hunger - Without enough insulin moving sugar into the cells, energy is depleted, which triggers hunger.
- Weight loss - While eating more than usual because of the increase in hunger, type 2 diabetes takes away the ability to metabolize glucose. Calories are then lost as excess glucose, causing rapid weight loss.
- Increased Thirst - The extra sugar building up in the bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues, causing thirst. This can also cause increased urination.
- Blurred vision - Fluid can be pulled from eye lenses if blood sugar is too high, affecting the ability to focus.
- Areas of darkening skin - A frequent sign of insulin resistance is the development of patches of dark skin in the folds and creases of the body.
- Fatigue - Irritation and fatigue can occur once the cells are deprived of sugar.
- Frequent infections - The decrease in insulin can affect the ability to heal infections.
Take the Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test
Because the symptoms for type 2 diabetes can develop slowly, the American Diabetes Association created a 60-second test to alert individuals that they may be at risk. After completing the test, the association will follow up with the user to share more information and ways to lower your risk, or alerts to seek professional care.
The test is printable, making it easy to hand out to classrooms, work groups, and families. The Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test is completely free.
Medications for Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes will require medication if recommended diet and exercise plans are not enough to control blood sugar levels. There are many options for medication, but it is important to work with a physician to find the right medication for your body.
In our blog, Evaluating the Most Prescribed Medications for Type 2 Diabetes, our pharmacist evaluates four of the most popular generic type 2 diabetes drugs and their brand name counterparts to assist you in making your diabetes medication decision.
For discounts on diabetes prescriptions and more, print our free prescription discount card.